Technical Service Bulletin: 1994-1998 5.9 L Cummins Hard Start
Reference Number(s): 18-06-98, Date of Issue: February 27, 1998
Model(s): 1994-98 Dodge (BR/BE) Ram Truck
Group: Vehicle Performance
Bulletin No.: 18-06-98
Date: February 27, 1998
NOTE: This information applies to the 5.9L Cummins Mechanically Injected 12 Valve Diesel.
Hard or no start complaints can be caused by many conditions. The following points will help in diagnosing hard start concerns.
- Low fuel pressure or air entering the fuel system.This can cause a low rpm miss/instability, white smoke, hard starting, or low power. Basic fuel system diagnostics should be followed. Technical Service Bulletin 14-07-96 should be referenced when diagnosing fuel concerns.
- Loss of fuel system prime.
- Incorrect starting procedures.In ambient temperatures below 15° C (60° F), the throttle should be partially depressed after engaging the starter. If the engine will not start, full throttle should be applied. Hard starting in temperatures above 15° C (60° F) can be affected by too low an idle speed. Lower idle speeds increase the need to depress the throttle to start the engine.
NOTE: DO NOT exceed a maximum cranking time of 30 seconds at a time when hard starting is experienced.
- Injection pump timing.Retarded (late) injection pump timing affects starting and excessive white smoke in ambient temperatures of -6° C (20° F) or below. See INJECTION PUMP TIMING SPECIFICATIONS INFORMATION TABLE for a list of all injection pump timing specifications.
- Intake manifold heater.The intake manifold heater grid affects starting in severe cold weather. Verify proper preheat cycling of the grids by following the diagnostic procedures listed in the applicable service and diagnostic manuals.
- Fuel heater.Number two diesel fuel can gel in temperatures of -12° C to -6° C (10° to 20° F). For hard start/no start conditions in extreme cold temperatures, inspect for waxing in the fuel filter element. If waxing is found, diagnose for fuel heater operation in the appropriate service and diagnostic manuals.
INJECTION PUMP TIMING SPECIFICATIONS INFORMATION
|Model Year/Trans||Intercooled||CPL||Nominal Timing|
|89-91 all trans||no||804||1.40 mm +/- .05 mm|
|91-93 all trans||yes||1579, 1351||1.25 mm +/- .05 mm|
|94-95 MT||yes||1816, 1550||5.80 mm +/- .1 mm|
|94-95 AT||yes||1959, 1815, 1549||5.80 mm +/- .1 mm|
|95 AT||yes||1968||4.40 mm +/- .1 mm|
|96-98 MT||yes||2023, 2175||5.10 mm +/- .1 mm|
|96-98 AT||yes||2022, 2174||4.50 mm +/- .1 mm|
|EGR Equipped 96-98 all trans||yes||1863, 2308||4.50 mm +/- .1 mm|
|The injection pump for 94 and early95 model year trucks P/N R4761366 was superseded to R4798548. If the vehicle has the superseded P/N R4798548, the engine data tag should have been stamped as CPL 1968 and timing specification for CPL 1968 should be used for the superseded pump|
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