Difficult Cold Start
Several things could be causing a difficult cold start for your International Semi:
Problem: Poor fuel quality
Problem: Glow-plug problem
Your International engine uses a HEUI style injection system to pressurize your fuel to several thousand psi entering the combustion chamber. It does this with a complex, hydraulically actuated injector. What hydraulic oil do they use? The very same that lubricates your engine. When this oil gets too hot and burns, it leaves a varnish-like material in the injectors, making them stick when cold (what we call “stiction”). Treating the engine with the Stiction Eliminator and running it for one full oil change interval should eliminate the problem.
1. If you have used Stiction Eliminator, Diesel Extreme, and Diesel Winter Anti-Gel as recommended above, and you are still having trouble with cold starts, it’s likely that the glow plugs are not operating correctly.
2. Listen to the glow plug relay. You will hear an audible “click” when the key is turned on.
3. Check all the wiring leading to the glow plugs for breaks or cracks in the insulation. A single chaffed wire can throw out a whole bank of plugs.
4. If the wiring looks good, measure the resistance across the glow plug to see if it within specifications; an “OL” reading on your Digital Multi-Meter means there is no continuity in the circuit, and the glow plug is bad.
5. If you have any questions about your international semi-hard cold start, feel free to contact one of our diesel engine experts.