20 years ago, a gas engine would be considered at the end of its life at 100,000 miles, but engines today are consistently making another trip around the odometer. But where gasoline engines are reaching 200,000 plus miles, diesel engines now often run for well into their 500,000-mile ranges and beyond. Here are three of the reasons diesels last longer:
- THE DESIGN OF A DIESEL ENGINEWe’ve lived long enough to know BIGGER isn’t always better, but in the case of diesel engines, it is exactly why they last longer than their petrol counterparts. Diesel engines have higher compression ratios and have higher cylinder pressures than gasoline engines. Diesel engines are built with these considerations in mind. They have a larger crankshaft and camshaft, which requires larger bearings and sturdier main and rod bolts. Larger crankshafts and camshafts also means increased clearance which allows for better oil flow, better engine lubrication equals less engine wear.
There are other key design differences of the diesel engine that contribute to its longevity, they include:
- Gear driven design
Why it matters: You won’t have to worry about timing belt failure.
- Piston cooling jet
Why it matters: Sprays engine oil on the bottom of your pistons to prevent premature wear, by keeping pistons cool and properly lubricated.
- No Spark Plugs
Why it matters: Compression motor delivers a slower burn which creates less stress and more torque, inherent to diesel engine efficiency.
- Gear driven design
- DIESEL FUEL
Another reason diesel engines last longer than gas engines: diesel fuel is a type of distillate fuel, that is essentially produced from crude oil, which gives diesel engines slower cylinder wear than gasoline engines. This gives diesel fuel lubrication properties that extend diesel engine life. On the contrary, gasoline is primarily made of aromatic hydrocarbons that act similar to solvents, that are harsh and corrosive with no lubricity and therefore wears the components of your engine faster. Diesel engines have lower Exhaust Gas Temperatures (EGT’s) which also helps their longevity. Although Diesel Fuel has more BTU’s, 139,000 versus 115,000 BTU’s for gasoline, the laws of thermodynamics indicate that the expansion rate of higher compression ratio diesel engines actually cool the exhaust gases faster. Coupled with the lower auto-ignition temperature of about 410°F for diesel fuel compared to the 495°F of gasoline, the initial flame front is cooler. Diesel engines also run at a much leaner air to fuel ratio which can be anywhere from 25:1– 70:1 as opposed to 12:1 – 16:1 for gasoline, so the extra air helps cool the EGT’s. Gasoline burns much quicker than diesel fuel. Less shock to the rotating assembly occurs because of the slower laminar speed of the flame during combustion which aids in the durability of diesel engines.
- DIESEL FUEL
The third key to the longevity of diesel engines is the operating efficiency. Diesel engines run at lower RPMs (revolutions per minute) and achieve higher levels of torque, relative to a gas engine. Being able to operate at a lower speed to achieve the same power means less wear on your pistons, rings, cylinder walls, bearings, valves and guides which aids in lengthening diesel engine life. Diesel engines are typically left running when not in operation for short periods in time. Since a large percentage of wear occurs at startup, the constant cycling of turning the engine on and off saves in wear over that of a gasoline engine. It also reduces the heat cycles and keeps operating temperatures constant.
Expert Spotlight: Here is what Stephen Peters of PSP Diesel, known for their 6.0L builds, (South Houston, TX) has to say about why diesels last longer:
“Diesel owners are using their diesels as much more intended for their purposes; to provide maximum torque, and to run for longer durations in the day, opposed to the typical start/stop patterns of the gasoline engine. They are not subjected to quick start and stops. Starting the engine is one of the most abrasive acts of the motor. While idling the motor is not the ideal condition, most of these trucks are started in the beginning of the day and turned off at the end. They run long hours and are worked very hard, but that is their purpose.”
Peters adds, “Diesel engines are just built tougher. The blocks are bigger, the walls are thicker, and the pistons are larger, for example. And with the added bulk even, let alone the precision in tolerances in the rings to prevent blow-by, the design originates with lubrication in mind, aiding in the reduction of friction and damage to the rubbing parts.”
DIESEL ENGINE MAINTENANCE IS IMPERATIVE TO ENGINE LIFE
While diesel engines were built to last, like all valuable things you will want to take care of your investment with regular maintenance.
Diesel owners can take simple but effective preventive measures, with the use of additives for their oil and fuel mixtures. With lubricity as such a high standard in diesel operation, additives help balance out the fuel mixtures providing more lubricity in the ultra-low sulphur fuel. Motor oils designed to the higher demands of the diesel workhorse last longer and have less viscosity breakdown as well as enhanced heat transfer, and high quality engine coolant helps keep the overall operating temperatures lower to reduce added friction from heat expansion. Hot Shot’s Secret additives and coolants were specifically designed for the heavy duty rigors of diesel engines in mind.
With the simple additions of the correct engine and transmission fluids, you can be sure your diesel engine will be around for the long haul.
“Hot Shot’s Secret makes some amazing products, and we have been using them for years.
We are known for our 6.0L builds. And with the high-pressure oil systems, those injectors are really reliant on good oil quality. If not, over time, injectors build up debris, and I can give a laundry list of times that customers have come in the shop and their injectors are pretty much on their way out. We hand them a 2qt bottle of Hot Shot’s Secret Stiction Eliminator, and we don’t hear from them for another year regarding their injectors. Our customers come back stating ‘this stuff worked great and my injectors lasted another year longer!’ ”
South Houston, TX